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doi:  10.12013/qxyjzyj2023-017
基于大气电场的雷电监测预警方法

Thunderstorm monitoring and early warning based on the atmospheric electric field
摘要点击 341  全文点击 275  投稿时间:2022-12-03  修订日期:2023-02-14
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基金:  江西省气象局重点项目(编号:JX2021Z07)
中文关键词:  雷电预警,大气电场,特征提取,模型构建
英文关键词:  thunderstorm warning  atmospheric electric field  feature extraction  model construction
              
作者中文名作者英文名单位
郭泓Guo Hong江西省气象服务中心
谢克勇Xie Keyong江西省气象服务中心
罗淑尹Luo Shuyin南昌市气象局
陈义轩Chen Yixuan南昌县气象局
张勇平Zhang Yongping新余市气象局
引用:郭泓,谢克勇,罗淑尹,陈义轩,张勇平.2023,基于大气电场的雷电监测预警方法[J].气象与减灾研究,46(2):120-124
中文摘要:
      利用大气电场强度数据设计了一种雷电监测预警方法,并对江西省南昌县2020年8月的一次雷电过程进行预测。首先对大气电场仪采集的电场数据进行去噪处理和缺失填补,然后利用经验模态分解法分解大气电场数据,得到大气电场数据的幅值和频率的分布特征,运用多元回归模型构建雷电预警模型,预测未来一段时间内的大气电场强度值。参考大气电场强度等级划分表,开展雷电监测预警。结果表明,运用模型预测的大气电场强度结果与实况之间的可决系数均在0.9以上,即大气电场强度预测结果与实况较为接近,该监测预警方法具有一定的可行性。
Abstract:
      In order to better carry out accurate lightning monitoring and early warning, a lightning monitoring and early warning method was designed based on the atmospheric electric field data of Nanchang County, Jiangxi province in August 2020. Firstly, the electric field data were denoised and interpolated. Then, the atmospheric electric field data were decomposed by the empirical mode decomposition method, so as to obtain the amplitude distribution and frequency distribution characteristics of the atmospheric electric field data. The lightning warning model was constructed by the multiple regression model to predict the lightning intensity value in the future period. Lightning monitoring and early warning were carried out by considering the classification table of lightning intensity. The results showed that there was a good correlation between the simulated results of lightning intensity and the actual results, with the correlation coefficient above 0.9. The predicted results of lightning intensity were closed to the actual situation, indicating that the monitoring and warning method was feasible.
主办单位:江西省气象学会 单位地址:南昌市高新开发区艾溪湖二路323号
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